In a significant plenary vote, the EU Parliament mandated labelling and traceability for all New Genomics Techniques (NGTs), reflecting a commitment to transparency in food production. However, critical amendments addressing risk assessment and Member State regulation failed, posing challenges to GMO-free production within the European Union. Of concern is the Parliament’s approval of a proposal deregulating NGTs without safety checks, potentially exposing farmers to liability from major agribusiness corporations. These measures must be accompanied by robust regulatory frameworks to ensure the safety and sustainability of GMOs in European agriculture. Nonetheless, the Parliament’s failure to secure amendments regarding risk assessment and Member State autonomy leaves gaps in safeguarding biodiversity and public health. It highlights the need for continued advocacy and vigilance in shaping policies that balance innovation with environmental and consumer protection.

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